An MPP database is a massively parallel processing database (MPP stands for Massively Parallel Processing).
Massively parallel processing refers to the use of a large number of processors (or separate computers) to perform a set of coordinated computations in parallel (simultaneously).
The term big data refers to the massive amounts of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundate organisations on a day-to-day basis.
Typically, big data is so large, and accumulates so fast, that traditional data storage and processing applications are inadequate.
The big data industry helps organisations capture and analyse their big data, so that those organisations can make more informed business decisions.